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PostPosted: Fri Jan 30, 2009 11:08 pm 
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Proud Rooster
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Location: South East Queensland
Silver Appleyard

The Silver Appleyard was developed by the respected poultry man Mr Reginald Appleyard, in Britain by the 1930’s and 40’s at his Priory Waterfowl Farm at Ixworth, in England. He called his place ‘England’s leading Stud of Ducks and Geese’. His goal was to produce a type of duck, for utility, exhibition, and meat. As he said “to make a beautiful breed of duck, with a combination of beauty, size, lots of big white eggs, and a deep long and wide breast.”

Origin: Britain

Colour: Only one colour exists, and that is the Silver, however, there is a Miniature or Bantam variety of this breed described below.

image

Eggs: The females of the large variety, when from a good line, that are healthy and vigorous, are good layers of large white eggs. Records show that Silver Appleyard Ducks can lay 100-180 eggs per year, but that is not so with Silver Appleyards here in Australia. However, the miniature or bantams of this variety are good layers of smaller tinted/white eggs

Comments: They are a general purpose duck, but used in Australia for mainly exhibition. Compared with Pekin Ducks, the Appleyard does not grow quite as fast, however they have much more interesting colours, are better layers, better foragers, and are more likely to incubate their own eggs. They are also fairly calm.

Cost: Good healthy vigorous birds from good lines as show birds can be a fair price. The Bantam of this variety can be a little more costly than the large variety as they are not as common.



History: Mr Appleyard had developed this bred, however, by the time he died in 1964; the breed had not yet been standardized in the USA. Following WW2, interests in waterfowl breeds declined and the Appleyard almost became extinct. By the 1970’s, respected breeder Tom Bartlett, of Folly Farm England, shared the same interests as Appleyard and went on to get the breed more recognised and standardized. Bartlett developed the Miniature (bantam) Appleyard. It arrived in the USA in the 1960’s. In 1998, the American Poultry Association held a meeting to recognise the Silver Appleyard as a breed in the standards, and that happened in 2000. Unfortunately, I have no history information on the Silver Appleyard’s relation to Australia. But see the links below for further information.
Today it is known in around the world as a beautiful show bird, and is slowly re-becoming Mr Appleyard’s original aim of a good all purpose duck that matures quick for the table and lays well.

Classification: Heavy Breed.



Exhibition: For Show, all birds need to be healthy, clean and bright looking, not sick with dull eyes or lame/in active or unhealthy in any way shape or form. Note that the colours stated below for the male and female are the same that applies for the Bantam of this breed.

The Colour of the Silver Appleyard drake must be as follows:
Head and upper Neck: Green-black with silver white throat, flecked with fawn. There is a silver-white ring that completely encircling the base of the neck. Remainder of neck (below the ring) and shoulders are a light claret colour. There is a suggestion of this colour running along the upper thigh coverts, but not onto the flank. His wing coverts, lower breast, under body & flank are a light silver colour, with the usual band of iridescent blue on the wing. Back and Rump is black-green, with white tips to the tail feathers.

The Colour of the Silver Appleyard duck must be as follows:
Silver white crown and back of neck, flecked with fawn. There is a deep fawn line through the eyes; shoulders and back are flecked strongly with fawn, followed by the usual iridescent blue on the wings. The tail is fawn.
In both sexes: Bill is to be yellow, Legs are light orange, and the eyes are hazel.
Their plumage is rather sleek and silky and the colours and patterning are just some examples why this breed is so attractive to the eye and the breeder who hasn’t them in their possession.

In regards to type/shape, the carriage is to be slightly erect, with the back showing a gentle slope form the shoulders to the tail. Looks lively. The body should be compact and well rounded, yet broad. The tail is also broad, with the drakes having the curls.
The head is alert and fine, with the bill of medium length and width. Eyes prominent.
Neck is of medium length and held upright.
Legs are short and set midway in the body.


Selecting Birds: It is important to select birds that are robust, strong-legged and excellent producers of large white eggs. Many Appleyards are undersized, so birds of correct size with solid muscles need to be considered for breeding. On the other hand- for exhibition, select big, solid birds with no keels; smooth silky plumage and proper colour, as well as being true to type.
Avoid: Lack of cheek and throat markings, lack of iridescent blue on the wings, Keel in both sex and colour other than stated. Also avoid birds that are excessively over or under weight and do not even come close to the Silver Appleyard breed standards.

Rarity: The large version of this breed is not overly common but is slowly making a comeback. The bantams of this breed is slowly becoming
more popular than it’s larger counterpart too.

Breeding: They mature quickly and are quite a rather interesting and rewarding breed of duck to breed, although the colouring is difficult to keep well and maintain through breeding. Don’t hesitate to chat to breeders for more information and I’m sure you will be well on the way. I t has been known that most breeders to have a bit of a difficult time breeding them true to breed (especially the large version), but is very rewarding once you have generally struck the right bird/s, that fit the the criteria. Just please make sure you are breeding to the above and take in all that is said on this breed profile of the Silver Appleyard.

Feeding: They are very good foragers, so unlike Muscovy’s, they do not need to be fed as much or as often, as the Appleyard does not lie around depending on you for food. Instead they go out and forage around themselves. They can be easily overfed too, so watch for weight.

Bantams: There is a section for Bantams/Miniature versions of this breed in the Standards, and were rather up in numbers, particularly at the Canberra National in June 2008. Bantams are rather easier to breed and are more prolific and hardier than the larger varieties of Ducks, so you are probably best to start off with these rather than the large variety of this breed if you are just starting out with breeding or showing or both. The bantams can fly easily (just like all bantams), so watch that. The bantams of this breed would make good backyard & kid’s pets too. Bantams are rather easy to breed; however, a good bird is not, especially with the Silver Appleyard and striking correct weight and colour as well as type.

image

Links:
http://www.domestic-waterfowl.co.uk/silapplge.htm
http://feathersite.com/Poultry/Ducks/Apple/BRKApple.html
http://www.silverappleyard.co.uk/
http://www.landoftobe.com/picturegallery2.html


* Please note that this colour of the Silver Appleyard, is also known to exist in the British Waterfowl Standards as a colour of Indian Runner known as ‘Silver’. There are breeders in Australia however, creating the Silver colour in Indian Runners, and has applied for it to be recognized in the 2nd edition of the Australian Poultry standards.


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PostPosted: Mon Apr 02, 2012 11:14 pm 
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Gallant Game
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Perhaps you could add some more photos eg; of the ideal drake and ideal duck for both large and bantam. As I and I believe others find images better than trying to creature imagery from text. Very good though and this is just a suggestion :)

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PostPosted: Tue Apr 03, 2012 12:12 am 
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Gallant Game
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I'm going to expand on the Physical standards of the Silver Appleyard that you have listed :)

Drake: 8-9 pounds (3.6-4kg)
Head and Upper Neck: The head and neck are black with a green lustre, but the head and neck must not be solid green. The throat is silver-white with fawn flecking. Silver-white markings like eyebrows should be seen above the eyes and on the cheek at the front of the face (below the eye coming from the bill), it should look like a white finger mark reaching toward the corner of the eye from below. Coming from corner of the bill there is silver-white extending onto the cheek and continuing onto the throat with black flecking. A white ring 5-9mm wide completely encircles the neck.
Please note: The restricted silver white pigment on the face, throat and breast are what define the Silver Appleyard colour from the similarly coloured Rouen Clair.
Bill: The drakes bill is yellow with a greenish tint and a dark bean.
Neck & Shoulders: The lower neck and shoulders are claret and the breast is claret with a white under-colour, each feather having a white fringe.
Body: The under body is creamy or light-silver. The flanks consist grey stippled pencilling on a white ground with claret extending from the breast on to the upper flanks (upper thigh) . The upper back is claret and progressing to mottled dark grey. The rump (base of tail at end of back) is black with a green lustre.
Tail feathers are grey with thick white/bronze edging and the area underneath the tail is black.
Wings:The coverts are silver-white. The Primary wing feathers are grey and white with white edging. The secondary wing feathers create an iridescent blue speculum tipped with black then white.

Duck: 7-8 pounds (3.2-3.6kg)
Head and Upper Neck: The head and neck are silver-white with the crown and back of the neck being fawn flecked with brown-grey. The fawn continues down the neck and onto the shoulders. Through both eyes there is a deep fawn line.
Bill: Yellow with a brown saddle and dark bean.
Neck & Shoulders: Shoulders are fawn flecked.
Body: The back and rump are fawn flecked with brown-grey and the tail is a mottled fawn. The flanks a cream and fawn with brown-grey flecking. The breast and underbody is a creamy-white.
Wings: The primary feathers are creamy-white, becoming brown towards the tips. The speculum formed by the secondary feathers are an iridescent blue, tipped with black then white.
Please note: Between the fawn on the neck and the fawn flecked brown-grey on the back , where both join there should be a noticable line. These two colours should not blend into each other smoothly but the end of one and beginning of the other should be easily noticed.

Both ducks have hazel eyes and orange legs.

Carriage should be slightly erect at around 45°. The tail should be carried parellel to the ground and not follow the back and point towards the ground.

Links
http://www.britannicrarebreeds.co.uk/br ... leyard.php
http://albc-usa.org/cpl/waterfowl/silverappleyard.html
http://www.feathersite.com/Poultry/Duck ... Apple.html
http://www.domestic-waterfowl.co.uk/silapplge.htm


I just felt the descriptions could be expanded on :)

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PostPosted: Wed Apr 11, 2012 5:06 pm 
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Fiesty Fowl
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poultry1 wrote:
Silver Appleyard


* Please note that this colour of the Silver Appleyard, is also known to exist in the British Waterfowl Standards as a colour of Indian Runner known as ‘Silver’. There are breeders in Australia however, creating the Silver colour in Indian Runners, and has applied for it to be recognized in the 2nd edition of the Australian Poultry standards.



we believe the above to incorrect..
the word silver in the name "silver appleyard" has nothing to do with the colour form silver..ie,,silver runners..
the colour form for a silver appleyard is "Appleyard" and results in a different patern and colouring than that of breeds, that are of the Silver colour form


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