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 Post subject: Elizabeth Breed Profile
PostPosted: Sun Dec 23, 2012 12:17 pm 
Champion Bird
Champion Bird

Joined: Sat Nov 05, 2011 11:17 pm
Posts: 946
ELIZABETH Breed Profile

The Elizabeth duck originated in New South Wales, Australia in the early 1970’s. Lance Ruting was breeding for a fast growing small duck for the Asian market, when the sports appeared. They are said to have been developed using a Rouen Clair drake and ‘brown farmyard ducks’. The Elizabeth initially caused some controversy as there were those who considered it to be little more than an off-coloured Mallard and this confusion has continued over time, occasionally referred to as an Elizabeth Mallard. The Elizabeth is a good sitter with strong maternal properties. They will often sit communally and harmoniously raise their young.

The female Elizabeth goes through several colour changes a year, which can be puzzling to the novice.

Class: Light; Ornamental Domestic

Origin: Australia

Carriage: 15 degrees above horizontal and clear of the ground from breast to stern. Alert stance, more protective in the duck.

Type: Short and broad with breast round and prominent.

Head, Neck and Bill: The head is round and neat, held fairly high, on a medium length and slightly curved neck. The bill is of moderate length, fairly broad and slightly concave.

Legs and feet: Legs are moderately short, and set back slightly from the centre of the body.

Plumage: Tight and glossy. Both duck and drake get darker as they age.

Serious breed defects: Yellow bill in either sex, more serious in female. Broken neck band on drake. Too racy in appearance. Grey colour on the drake’s flanks.

Drake colour:

Head and neck: Rich iridescent green with an off-white cleanly cut ring completely encircling the neck, and slightly lower and wider at the back.

Breast: a rich claret finely fringed in off-white, with this colour extending along the upper flank and scapulars. Flanks and underbody are off-white.

Back: charcoal grey fringed with off-white and the rump is a solid black with a green sheen.

Tail: dull black-brown and have off-white outer edges.

Wings: Primaries are off-white, with the lower edge smudged with charcoal grey. Secondaries, speculum iridescent blue-green with a distinct black bar edged with white. Speculum not as bright as in Mallard. Scapulars same as breast colour, lesser coverts off-white finely laced with claret, giving a tortoiseshell effect. Tertials off-white

Bill: Blue-slate with a dark bean. Blue-yellow is acceptable but less preferable.

Eyes: Dark Brown

Legs and webs: orange

Duck colour:

Head and neck: Fawn, lightly flecked with dark brown graining on the crown. A faint neck-ring in the duck is acceptable (can be more pronounced in juveniles)

Breast, flanks and underbody: Light fawn, with the centre of the feathers marked with brown. Less distinctive markings on breast and underbody

Back: Fawn, the centre of each feather splashed with dark brown.

Wings: Primaries off-white and peppered with charcoal grey. Secondaries, speculum iridescent blue green with distinct black bar and fine white edging. Scapulars are fawn, along the centre of each feather marked with brown. The lesser coverts are finely laced, giving a somewhat tortoiseshell effect.

Bill: slate grey with a dark bean.

Eyes: Dark brown

Legs and webs: bronze

Eggs: White, reasonable layer

Weight: Drake 1.58 – 1.80 kg (3½ – 4 lb); Duck 1.25 – 1.47 kg ( 2¾ – 3¼ lb)

Availability: Can be difficult to source, breed known in Australia only.

Genetics: Dusky harlequin (md, lih)



Elzabeth ducks make reliable broodies and good mothers, often brooding and raising ducklings together:

Waterfowl of Australia One featuring the Elizabeth Duck (out of print)
Australian Poultry Standards, 2nd Edition.
Australasian Poultry Vol. 3 No. 2, Vol. 14 No. 5, Vol. 19 No.2

Internet links:


Last edited by koljash on Sun Dec 23, 2012 2:36 pm, edited 3 times in total.

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