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 Post subject: Guinea Fowl Profile
PostPosted: Thu Apr 16, 2009 11:16 pm 
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Golden Swan
Golden Swan
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Joined: Wed Jan 24, 2007 11:02 pm
Posts: 25826
Location: Albany, Western Australia
Guinea Fowl Breed Profile


Description
The Guinea Fowl family is a group of insect and seed eating, ground nesting birds rather similar to partridges. They have featherless heads and in the original form, spangled grey plumage. Nowadays there are many more colours available. They are large birds which measure from 40-71 cm in length, and weigh 700-1600 g.

Origin Africa

Colours
According to the Guinea Fowl International Association, there are 22 colour varieties varying from Fully Pearled, Partially Pearled through to Solid.

There is a fantastic Colour Chart here listing the following colours (not all available in Australia)
Fully Pearled
Pearled Grey
Pied Pearled Grey
Lavender
Light Lavender
Porcelain
Brown
Buff

Partially Pearled
Royal Purple
Bronze
Coral Blue
Light Blue
Opaline
Chocolat
Buff
Blonde

Solid
Violet
Slate
Sky Blue
Powder Blue
White
Copper
Pewter
Pastel

Eggs
Guinea eggs are small and quite pointed at one end with extremely hard shells. They taste very similar to Chook eggs.

Comments
Some of the advantages of Guinea Fowl:
• They act as very efficient watch dogs and are constantly on guard.
• They will pick up a large part of their own food during the warmer months if given space.
• In the winter they eat less grain then most domestic fowl.
• They carry few of the diseases dangerous to other domestic fowl.
• Guinea Fowl eggs are considered a delicacy and have a good flavour.
• Guinea Fowl meat is classed as a game meat and described by many as half way between a free range chicken and a pheasant and commands premium rates.

Some Disadvantages of Guinea Fowl:
• They can be very noisy
• They can roam large distances
• They are flighty and difficult to tame (although can be trained to come to food)
• The lay eggs seasonally
• Broodies are easily taken by foxes
• Happiest in flocks

History
Guinea Fowl, which originated in Africa, were domesticated more than 4000 years ago, and in Roman times regarded as a table delicacy. They were spread across Europe in two waves, firstly by the Romans. In Greek mythology two Caledonian women were killed and turned into Guinea Fowl. Their tears turned into the white spots on the Guinea Fowl plumage. Following the fall of the Roman Empire their popularity died out until Portuguese traders re introduced them around the 15th century and they have remained ever since.

Exhibition
Male and Female
Head
Short and broad with the helmet on the top. A narrow band of hairlike plumage runs down the back of the head and neck. Nostrils are prominent. Beak is short, stout and well curved. Eyes are to be large, round and alert. Wattles stiff, wide, smooth, and free from wrinkles or folds. The Male helmet and wattles are usually larger than the female.

Legs and Feet
Shanks fairly short and unfeathered. Toes straight, well spread and strong.

Serious Defects
Crooked back or breast. Decidedly wry tail. Want of size. Any other deformity.

Reference - The Australian Poultry Standards, First Edition

Suitability
Need room to roam to be happy, and as they are flock birds are happiest with a group of companions. If they are brought up with chooks they will happily be a part of a flock of chooks. They can be very noisy so are not really suited to suburban backyards.

Internet links and references
Guinea Fowl International Association
UK Guinea Fowl
Wikipedia - Guinea fowl
Colour Chart
Considerations before deciding to Own GuineaFowl
Colour Genetics of Guinea fowl
Incubating and Rearing Guinea fowl



NellyG

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 Post subject: Re: Guinea Fowl Profile
PostPosted: Fri Apr 17, 2009 6:11 pm 
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Newbie
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Joined: Thu Apr 16, 2009 5:59 pm
Posts: 16
Location: Coffs Harbour, NSW
We had Guinea fowls on the farm as a kid, basically they were used for snake patrol, apart from that they were no good for anything alse.

sam

Very Long quote removed by mod in the interests of easy reading of the thread. NellyG

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 Post subject: Re: Guinea Fowl Profile
PostPosted: Fri Apr 17, 2009 6:40 pm 
NellyG wrote:
Guinea Fowl Breed Profile


Exhibition
Shape
Male
Head
Short, broad head topped with a triangular shaped helmet, slightly downward sloping at the rear. The area between the nostril and front of the helmet is flat. The face, back of the head and neck are unfeathered. A narrow band of hairlike plumage runs down the back of the head and neck, getting wider as it nears the hackles.

Beak
Short, stout and well curved

Nostrils
A prominent band of thickened skin across the nose, between the wattles

Eyes
Large, round and alert with prominent lashes

Wattles
Stiff, wide smooth, free from wrinkles or folds, both cupped.

Back
Broad and sloping, carriage is upright.

Tail
Short and carried low.

Toes
No spurs. Four straight, strong toes.

Female
The same as the male, except that the helmet is smaller, the nostrils less prominent, wattles are tucked to the sides or out to the sides, and stance not as upright as the male.

Defects
• Under developed helmet
• Mismatched wattles
• A white feather on a coloured guinea
• A coloured feather on a white guinea
• Black flecking or yellowing to a white guinea

Disqualifications
• One or more white primaries or secondaries in any coloured guinea
• One or more coloured primaries or secondaries in a white guinea
• Mismatched wattles on an adult bird of either sex





Which country are these standards for Exhibition come from, as they are not Australian.


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 Post subject: Re: Guinea Fowl Profile
PostPosted: Fri Apr 17, 2009 7:25 pm 
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Golden Swan
Golden Swan
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Joined: Wed Jan 24, 2007 11:02 pm
Posts: 25826
Location: Albany, Western Australia
BB, I got them from the International Association Site. The reason was I don't have the Australian Standards, nor do I have access to one. I tried to keep it general and hoped it would cover what the Australian Standards say. I have now added a note to the effect that they are not from the Australian Standards (probably should have done that before!) When I eventually do get the correct information I will update it. Until then, unless you or someone else is willing to provide the information we will go with what we have!

NellyG

PS - samkelly, I had Guineas for about a year and loved them. Unfortunately my husband agreed with you so in the interests of marital harmony we rehomed them :lol:

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 Post subject: Re: Guinea Fowl Profile
PostPosted: Fri Apr 17, 2009 7:31 pm 
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Discerning Duck
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Joined: Sat Feb 02, 2008 11:54 am
Posts: 1869
Location: Atherton QLD Australia
Someone is just avin a hard day, I wouldn't stess over it Nells viewtopic.php?f=6&t=7973796

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Polish Poodles, "Games" Aussie, English, Indian (Dark & Jubilee), Araucana, Minorca, Faverolle, hamburg, Sindian, RIR, Isa Brown, Pekin, Bantams, Guinea fowl Rare breeds I like to eat Asil, Buttercup, Sumatra, Maran and many more.


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 Post subject: Re: Guinea Fowl Profile
PostPosted: Fri Apr 17, 2009 7:32 pm 
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Proud Rooster
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Joined: Tue Jan 06, 2009 10:54 am
Posts: 327
mine can get noisy
i have seven young guineas and 2 adults
but i love mine
and i think they have alot of personality
so they staying here lol
tes


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 Post subject: Re: Guinea Fowl Profile
PostPosted: Fri Apr 17, 2009 7:39 pm 
kowan wrote:
Someone is just avin a hard day, I wouldn't stess over it Nells viewtopic.php?f=6&t=7973796


what does this have to do with Guinea Fowl, I was asking a valid question, and NellyG has answer it, :hmmm:


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 Post subject: Re: Guinea Fowl Profile
PostPosted: Fri Apr 17, 2009 7:52 pm 
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Golden Swan
Golden Swan
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Joined: Wed Jan 24, 2007 11:02 pm
Posts: 25826
Location: Albany, Western Australia
Thankyou for the information provided by pm, BB. The Profile has now been modified to remove anything not in keeping with the Australian Standard.

NellyG :D

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