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PostPosted: Wed Feb 13, 2008 2:41 pm 
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Great Game
Great Game
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Joined: Thu Aug 24, 2006 12:07 pm
Posts: 1292
Location: NE burb of Melb, Victoria
Here is a thorough check list to use as a guide when looking over your bird(s) to provide us with as much information as possible, to help you, help them.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

CHECKING FOR ILLNESS, DISEASE & INJURY

The Flock

- Look over your flock & note anything you think is suspicious
First instincts

- Check the general appearance of the individual birds and flock on a whole
Note anything that stands out as abnormal to you

Flock History and changes


- Have you acquired any new birds lately?
If Yes – when?

- Anything new happen?
Stresses
Moves

- Any other birds in flock with same similar symptoms?
Now
In the past

- Previous/continuing medication? (eg. worming, coccidiosis, antibiotics)
What is/was the medication
When was it given
How was it administered (water, food, injection)

The Patient

- Specifics:
Breed
Age
Hen/cock
New to your flock
Previous illness/injury
Symptoms began

- Check the droppings:
Colour
Consistency
Frequency
Smell

- Check the temperament:
Huddled
Ruffled feathers
Drooping
Depressed
Discomfort
In pain

- Check the condition:
Looking poorly
Recent weight change
Prominent breastbone

- Check the behaviour:
Drinking
Eating
Crowing
Laying (inc. frequency and quality)
Socialising

- Check for injury:
Swellings
Heat
Stilted gait
Bruising
Favouring

- Check the legs and feet:
Swelling
Growths
Scaliness
Redness
Cuts

- If they are immobile, do they have grip on their feet when you rub their feet as if to perch?

- Check the comb and wattles:
Pox
Scabs
Red or dark discoloration
Paleness
Shrunken

- Check the feathers, and the shafts:
Lice
Mites
Eggs
Broken feathers
Bald patches

- Check the skin:
Tears
Blood
Rashes
Mottling
Dryness

- Check and listen for respiratory symptoms:
Snicking
Gurgling
Wheezing
Gasping
Coughing
Sneezing
Head shaking
Panting (normal in hot weather)

- Check for discharge from eyes, nostrils, and beak:
Colour
Bubbly
Frothy
Cheesy
Smelly
Crusty

- Check the eyes:
Swollen
Sunken in
Bright and wide open
Dull looking and closed
Turned at all
Staring straight ahead
Normal colour for the breed
Pupils a normal shape
Shading/cloudy/grey patches

- Check the mouth:
Cankers
Plaque
Swellings
Discolour
Bad breath

The Environment

- Do you have any other poultry
- If yes, do they share the same roaming area, sleeping area, drinking water, feed etc.

- Check the feed:
How old
Mould
Contaminates
Rodent activity
Recent feed changes

- Check the water:
Town or tank
Algae build up
Chemical leak
Water source dried up

- Check the pen/house/yard/run:
Possible poisons
Decomposing food
Animal carcases
Chemicals
Access to household waste
Ventilation
Droppings build up (excess ammonia)
Temperature
Litter – wet, dusty
Roost/nest too high


It can be helpful to have one of the check lists printed out for your own reference at home, pinned up in the chook shed, within easy access. They can remind you to look at the big picture.

Sometimes, we get so focussed on the major presenting symptom, we miss the little things, that are equally important.
The more information and detail you can give us, the better.
And remember... don't panic! We are here to help.
:)


Last edited by Sammiiz on Wed Feb 13, 2008 6:02 pm, edited 2 times in total.

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PostPosted: Wed Feb 13, 2008 4:47 pm 
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Flock Master
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Joined: Mon May 23, 2005 12:32 pm
Posts: 2175
Some other suggestions for checking for illness are as follows:



Help questions for Sick Birds

Please copy this list of question and in the area where you see A. please put as many answers as you can, don’t worry if you can’t put any answers do as much as you can, any help you give us will better help you.

How to examine your bird for ILLNESS
Is it Acute or chronic?

What you noticed
e.g. � Are they all huddled up with ruffled feathers?
� Are they drooping
� Are they coughing?
� Are they sneezing?
� Are they eating and acting like a healthy chicken?

What you found on examining the bird closely – a guide to examining your bird

� Check the general appearance of the individual or group and try to determine which organ or system is involved in the illness.
� Note any signs or lesions that might point to a diagnosis, such as small size with poor feathering that suggests infectious stunting (malabsorption syndrome).
� If the birds show lameness or paralysis, is the lesion in the nervous system, bones, joints, muscles or skin?
� Some conditions, particularly those affecting locomotion, are easier to diagnose in live birds. Botulism which produces neck paralysis in chickens (leg and wing paralysis are more obvious in turkeys, ducks and pheasants) is an example.
� Examine the skin of the head, body and legs for lice and mites, injury (particularly cannibalism), blood, mottling, swellings, amenia, cyanosis, or dermatitis.
� Examine the feathers, and the shafts of the feathers for lice and mite activity
� Listen for unusual breathing sounds (snicking, gurgling) and look for gasping or head shaking that might indicate respiratory distress.
� Mouth breathing (panting) is normal in chickens in hot weather.
� Exudate from nostrils and eyes and dirty feathers also suggest respiratory infection, or if just the eye, ammonia burn, ILT or eye worm.
� Check if the eyes are they swollen, sunken in, bright and wide open or dull looking and closed
� Are the eyes turned at all or staring straight ahead, are they the normal colour for the breed or have they changed from what they were before getting sick
� Is there any discharge from the eye, bubbles or froth or crustations?
� Examine the droppings for evidence of diarrhoea or other abnormalities.
� Take a blood sample for haematology or serology if indicated. Just remember this will cost you $$$ so you will really have to make a decision about the cost versus the bird
� Are they skinny or fat.
� Look at their comb for any Pox or red or dark discoloration.
� Look at their neck and eye area for discoloration or swelling.
� Look at their legs and joints and pads of feet for swelling, growths, scaliness or redness.
� If you're brave you can look in their mouth for any cankers or plaque, this is when your really happy they don�t have teeth

Check droppings from your sick bird – VERY IMPORTANT
When you post your information, make a note of what the droppings of the sick bird look like, the colour, consistency, if it has any blood or red bits in it, does it have a white cap on top or is it another colour.


What is the difference between your sick bird and your healthy ones:
- appearances

- behaviour
- others in flock, including behaviour towards the subject?

Recent changes/
in feed? the flock? Predator attack? Changes in yours and their normal routine?
Weather ? anything significant - very hot, very cold/ very wet? Storms? Windy? Anything else that might be upsetting/stressing them - loud noises, new neighbours, pets?

BACKGROUND INFO THAT MIGHT BE RELEVANT?

Age - if known - starter - grower - POL- mature?

� Do you know what breed the birds are?
� Do you know the age of the bird?
� Are they the right size for their breed and age?
� Check their breastbones see if they're.


Copy from here:

Flock History

· Have you acquired any new birds lately?
· A.
·
· If Yes – when
· A.
·
· Do you know if there have been other deaths lately with the same symptoms?
· A.
·


Your Flock

· Write down anything you think is suspicious
· A.
·
Examination of the Live Bird

· Check the general appearance
· A.
·
· Examine the feathers, and the shafts of the feathers for lice and mite activity
· A.
·
· Listen for unusual breathing sounds (snicking, gurgling) and look for gasping or head shaking that might indicate respiratory distress.
· A.
·
· Mouth breathing (panting) is normal in chickens in hot weather.
· A.
·
· Check if the eyes are they swollen, sunken in, bright and wide open or dull looking and closed
· A.
·
· Is there any discharge from the eye, bubbles or froth or crustations?
· A.
·
· Do you know the age of the bird?
· A.
·
· If you're brave you can look in their mouth for any cankers or plaque, this is when your really happy they don’t have teeth
· A.
·
· Are they all huddled up with ruffled feathers?
· A.
·
· Are they drooping
· A.
·
· Are they coughing?
· A.
·
· Are they sneezing?
· A.
·
· Are they eating and acting like a healthy chicken?
· A.
·
· If they are laying age, how has their laying frequency been
· A.
·
· If they are immobile, do they have grip on their feet when you rub their feet as if to perch.
· A.
·

Look at their droppings.

· You want firm tan/grey with white urates if they are being kept confined and not feeding them greens only grain
· A.
·
· Or a firm green with white urates is okay if they are free ranging.
· A.
·
By paying close attention to their droppings you can tell a lot about a chicken.
· A.
·
· Describe what type you have been seeing from the chickens, from coloration to consistency.
· A.
·

Besides the general condition of your flock, and the worm issue, we need to also look at their feed and water situation

· Do you have any Ducks?
· A.
·
· If yes, do they share the same drinking water and paddling area as the chickens?
· A.
·
· Waterfowl cannot tolerate some of the added medications one would find in chicken food.
· A.
·


Feed

· Check the feed
· A.
·
· Check for mold
· A.
·
· Check for other contaminates
· A.
·
· Have you recently changed your feed that your normally give the chickens
· A.
·

Poisons

· Check your yard for anything that may be leaking into or onto anything that the chickens can get into
· A.
·
· Algae present in the water can even bring on death.
· A.
·

Management

· Is the ventilation adequate?
· A.
·
· Are ammonia fumes a problem?
· A.
·
· Is it too hot or too cold?
· A.
·
· Is the litter wet or is it too dry and dusty?
· A.

Medications:

· Have you been giving the bird any medications
· A.

· If yes, what and how much
· A.

· Do you have any worming medication on hand
· A.

· If yes, what do you have
· A.

· Do you have any other medication on hand
· A.

· If yes, what
· A.

_________________
Sandy


Last edited by Sandy on Mon Feb 18, 2008 1:47 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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PostPosted: Wed Feb 13, 2008 5:25 pm 
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Gallant Game
Gallant Game
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Joined: Tue Dec 26, 2006 9:29 am
Posts: 516
Location: Lancaster, VIC
briliant Sandy... can we pls make this a sticky?


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PostPosted: Wed Feb 13, 2008 5:31 pm 
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Flock Master
Flock Master

Joined: Mon May 23, 2005 12:32 pm
Posts: 2175
This actual thread has gone into the A to Z Medical as a link

And Sammi has another thread that we are going to make as a sticky.. its a shorter list that people can start with and it has links to this one if they need or want to get more information

_________________
Sandy


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PostPosted: Sun Apr 23, 2017 9:05 am 
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Old Mother Goose
Old Mother Goose
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Joined: Thu Apr 23, 2009 11:15 pm
Posts: 6177
Location: ACT area
Looking back thru old threads and found this. It is very comprehensive.


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