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PostPosted: Thu Jan 18, 2018 11:50 am 
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Prime Pekin
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I've been searching online for information about Avian Leukosis and what to do if your bird might have it. So far it seems only a post-mortem will confirm it but wondering if there is a blood test that might hint at it while the bird is still alive?



thanks!


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PostPosted: Thu Jan 18, 2018 2:50 pm 
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Showy Hen
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hi TookTook,
I had a little search on the internet too on this. Yes, on the surface, vets seem to go for the post mortem thing.
However, it seems there ARE diagnostic tests for flocks - but this is testing egg albumen, not chicken's blood. Note what is says in the below under the "Control" heading: "Breeder flocks are evaluated for viral shedding by testing for viral antigens in the albumen of eggs with enzyme immunoassays or by biologic assays for infectious virus." So - there are tests available. Whether this assists you or not is another thing.... I guess you could find a vet that services breeders, or talk to a breeder. This is the link and copied text frm the link...

http://www.merckvetmanual.com/poultry/n ... in-poultry
Diagnosis:
Because avian leukosis virus is widespread among chickens, virus detection tests, including virus isolation and PCR and the demonstration of antigen or antibody, have limited or no value in diagnosing field cases of lymphomas. Gross characteristics of diagnostic significance include the tumorous involvement of the liver, spleen, or bursa in the absence of peripheral nerve lesions. The tumors are found in birds >14 wk old. Histologically, the lymphoid cells are uniform in character, large, and contain IgM and B-cell markers on their surface. Tumors can be differentiated from those of Marek’s disease by gross and microscopic pathology and by molecular techniques that demonstrate the characteristic clonal integration of proviral DNA into the tumor cell genome with the associated disruption of the c-myc oncogene. Lymphoid leukosis cannot easily be differentiated from B-cell lymphomas caused by reticuloendotheliosis virus except by virologic assays; however, such tumors probably are extremely rare. Several PCR primers specific for detection of the most commonly isolated avian leukosis viruses, particularly subgroups A and J, have been developed. Other primers specific for endogenous, subgroup E avian leukosis virus have also been used. PCR has been used to detect and characterize avian leukosis virus strains contaminating commercial live virus vaccines of poultry. ELISA kits for detection of antibodies to avian leukosis virus subgroups A, B, and J are available commercially.

Control:
Eradication of avian leukosis virus from primary breeding stocks is the most effective means to control avian leukosis virus infection and lymphoid leukosis in chickens. Breeder flocks are evaluated for viral shedding by testing for viral antigens in the albumen of eggs with enzyme immunoassays or by biologic assays for infectious virus. Eggs from shedder hens are discarded, so that progeny flocks typically have reduced levels of infection. If raised in small groups, infection-free flocks can be derived with relative ease. These control measures are applied only to primary breeder flocks. Voluntary programs to reduce viral infection have already reduced mortality from lymphoid leukosis and improved egg production in most layer strains; similar programs were equally successful in certain meat strains. Some breeders favor, and have virtually achieved, total eradication, while others favor a reduced level of viral infection. Some chickens have specific genetic resistance to infection with certain subgroups of virus. Although genetic cellular resistance is unlikely to replace the need for reduction or eradication of the virus, the cellular receptor gene has recently been cloned, and quick molecular assays for viral susceptibility could be developed. Thus far, vaccination for tumor prevention has not been promising.


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PostPosted: Thu Jan 18, 2018 9:35 pm 
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Prime Pekin
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Thanks for the reply Okaru :)

Still wondering if there are any vets out there who can comment?


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